A violent Marxist
urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s,
led Uruguay's president to agree to military control of his administration
in 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but
the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government.
Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Uruguay's political
and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
||Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic
Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
freezing temperatures almost unknown
||Argentina 579 km, Brazil 985 km
is one of the smallest of the South American republics. It is
bounded to the north by Brazil, to the southeast by the Atlantic,
separated from Argentina in the west and south by the River Uruguay.
The landscape is made up of hilly meadows broken by streams and
rivers. There is a string of beaches along the coast. The country
enjoys 500km (300 miles) of fine sandy beaches on the Atlantic
and the Rio de la Plata, woods, mountains, hot springs, hotels,
casinos, art festivals and numerous opportunities for sport and
entertainment. Montevideo, the capital, is the country’s
natural trading centre. There are nine major bathing beaches,
the best of which are Playas and Miramar. The Atlantic coast
are popular from December to April, and have fine beaches.