the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its
new name upon independence in 1966. The economy, one of the most
robust on the continent, is dominated by diamond mining.
Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest growth rates since
independence in 1966. Through fiscal discipline and sound management,
Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in
the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of $7,800
in 2001. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit
risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of expansion and currently
accounts for more than one-third of GDP and for four-fifths of export
earnings. Tourism, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other
key sectors. On the downside, the Botswana government must deal with
high rates of unemployment and poverty.Location:
north of South Africa Climate:
winters and hot summers
km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 kmMore...
is one of the world's most exciting travel destinations for exploring
wildlife. It is landlocked by South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
and Namibia. The natural beauty of Botswana is found in its land
formations, its wilderness, wildlife and its cultural diversity.
To travel Botswana offers an unique experience in exploring wildlife,
birds and game in its natural state.
It is bordered by South Africa in the south and southeast, Zambia and Zimbabwe
in the northeast, and Namibia in the north and west. The land is flat, with
gentle undulations and occasional rocky outcrops. In the northwest, the Okavango
River drains inland from Angola to form the Okavango Delta.